Investigation into the role of the NLRC before, during and in the aftermath of World War II.
Researcher: Regina Grüter
Intended publication: monograph
Many people in the Netherlands experienced aid by the Netherlands Red Cross (NLRC) during the Nazi occupation, which resulted in a tremendous rise in popularity of the organization after the war. However, Jewish survivors of the Sjoah and former members of the resistance movement who had been interned in Nazi concentration camps were very critical towards the NLRC. The organization had failed them by not sending food parcels to the camps, and did not assist during the repatriation of the survivors to their home country, while other national societies of the Red Cross had found ways and means to give aid.
The research will focus on the role of the NLRC board in The Hague and the position of local departments and individual members of the organisation during the occupation, and how they on the one hand submitted to the requirements of Nazi regime and on the other hand continued their work as a humanitarian organization. Questions the study should answer are among others: why did other Red Cross national societies manage to send food parcels and the NLRC did not? What were the means of communication with the International Committee of the Red Cross and the London Committe of the Netherlands Red Cross, and what was the relationship with the German Red Cross - and the Nazi authorities? How did the organization cope with the dilemma’s it faced in the choices it had to make?